FEATURES OF SELECTED BONES
Professor of Biology and Chemistry
University of Cincinnati Clermont College,
Batavia OH 45103
(C1 on top of C2)
15 Sept 1993, rvsd 4 Nov 1994, 12 Sept 95, 23 Sept 96, 3 Dec 96, 4 Nov 99, 2 Nov 00, 1 Nov 01
Illustrate these disarticulated
bones and include the listed features with labels (handle with
care and respect please, they are real & fragile).
Enter in your book on pages in this order:
First set of pages:
Facing pages (illustrations 1 and 2):
1) cervical and thoracic vertebra
2) lumbar vertebra and articulated atlas and axis
Facing pages (illustrations 5 and 6):
5) humerus front and back
6) radius and ulna
8) os coxa
9) ankle and foot
and C-2 :(
top rear view of the articulated bones) (one picture)
atlas: no centrum, articular surface for odontoid process, no spinous process
axis: odontoid process (dens) (Martini's 5th: p 215)
Here is a labeled view of articulated C-1 and C-2.
Here is a labeled view of atlas and axis with spinous process at top.
: most delicate of the vertebrae (Martini's 5h:
Unique cervical features: transverse foramina, bifurcated spinous process
: label features common to all vertebrae:
centrum, neural arch, vertebral foramen, pedicle, spinous process, lamina, superior articular processes, transverse process, Draw small side view of a thoracic vertebra showing the demifacets and the vertebral notches which form intervertebral foramina for spinal nerves. Unique thoracic features:demifacets for articulation with rib head, seen from side (except for 11th and 12th.), articular facets on transverse processes (for rib tubercle) and long delicate spinous processes
Here is alabeled view of a thoracic vertebra.
|c: lumbar :
heavy centra, broad heavy spinous process, transverse
process lacks facets
dorsal sacral foramina, superior articular facet,
auricular surface (on sides, for os coxa), (ala), median
sacral crest, sacral canal, sacral hiatus.
Here is a labeled view of the sacrum.
: (posterior view): acromion
process, coracoid process, spine of the scapula,
supraspinous fossa, infraspinous fossa, glenoid fossa,
vertebral border, axillary border
Here is a labeled image of the posterior scapula.
|23.4. Bones of the arm:
(two pages: two views of humerus on first,
ulna and radius on facing page)
|a: humerus: (anterior and posterior views): head, greater tubercle, lesser tubercle, intertubercular groove, deltoid tuberosity, lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle, trochlea, coronoid fossa, capitulum, olecranon fossa|
proximal radius articulation supine (top), prone (lower):
b: ulna : (lateral view) olecranon process, trochlear notch (semilunar notch), coronoid process, head, styloid process, radial notch
c:radius : head, neck, radial tuberosity, styloid process, ulnar notch
Here is a labled view of the right ulna and radius.
(Here it is in vertical orientation.)
Here is a labeled view of supination and pronation.
of the wrist and hand, ventral
view (trace around your hand as a model):
include distal ulna and radius
proximal row of carpals: scaphoid lunate triquetrum pisiform
distal row of carpals: trapezium trapezoid capitate hamate
first through fifth metacarpals, proximal, middle and distal phalanges.
Here is a labeled view of the bones of the hand.
Here is another labeled view of the right forearm before and after pronation.
|Here is a collage
of chicken femur pictures for you to label.
coxa, lateral view with acetabulum and
obturator foramen: (Note
a: ilium: iliac crest, anterior superior iliac spine, anterior inferior iliac spine, posterior superior iliac spine, posterior inferior iliac spine, greater sciatic notch
b: pubic bone: pubic tubercle, inferior ramus
c: ischium: ischial spine, ischial tuberosity, ischial ramus
Here is a labeled view of male versus female pelvices..
Here is a labeled view of the female pelvis.
Here is a labeled view of the male pelvis.
view: superior view:
||Articulated bones of the
metatarsals , top view:
talus, calcaneus, navicular, medial cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform, cuboid, first through fifth metatarsals
|detail, superior view tarsals:|
1. VERTEBRA (on facing pages: two pictures on each page, same scale, superior views for all)
Here is the directory list of all pictures of the skeleton, many not included in links above.
Return to the Anatomy
Physiology Table of Contents
Go to David Fankhauser's Main Page
Send Email to: FANKHADB@UC.EDU